Morfometría de los conos de escoria de la Provincia Volcánica de Payenia, Argentina.

Gabriela I Massaferro, Miguel J Haller, Viviana I. Alric, Sebastián Saavedra

Resumen


El análisis morfométrico de los conos de escoria permite evaluar los procesos erosivos que los afectan e inferir la historia eruptiva de una región. Utilizando DEMs TanDEM-X de 12 m de resolución se midieron los parámetros morfológicos de 157 conos de escoria que integran diferentes campos volcánicos de la Provincia Volcánica de Payenia. Se calculó una tasa de erosión de 9,4° por Ma, es decir que la pendiente de los conos disminuye 9,4°cada millón de años. Esta tasa es similar a la obtenida en otros campos volcánicos monogenéticos con similares características climáticas. Con esta tasa se calcularon edades morfológicas para todos los conos estudiados, las que abarcan un rango entre 0,3 y 2,2 Ma.


Palabras clave


Morfometría volcánica; Payenia; Cuaternario; Conos de escoria; Morfología volcánica.

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Referencias


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